Bharat Ratna

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Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna
  • Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian Award of the country, was instituted in the year 1954.
  • Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for these awards.
  • It is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour.
  • The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister himself to the President. No formal recommendations for this are necessary.
  • The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.
  • On conferment of the award, the recipient receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion.
  • The Award does not carry any monetary grant.
  • In terms of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution, the award cannot be used as a prefix or suffix to the recipient’s name. However, should an award winner consider it necessary, he/she may use the following expression in their bio-data/letterhead/visiting card etc. to indicate that he/she is a recipient of the award: ‘Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President’ or ‘Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award’
List of Bharat Ratna Award Winner
YearName
1954C. Rajagopalachari
1954Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
1954C. V. Raman
1955Bhagwan Das
1955M. Visvesvaraya
1955Jawaharlal Nehru
1957Govind Ballabh Pant
1958Dhondo Keshav Karve
1961Bidhan Chandra Roy
1961Purushottam Das Tandon
1962Rajendra Prasad
1963Zakir Husain
1963Pandurang Vaman Kane
1966Lal Bahadur Shastri
1971Indira Gandhi
1975V. V. Giri
1976K. Kamaraj
1980Mother Teresa
1983Vinoba Bhave
1987Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
1988M. G. Ramachandran
1990Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
1990Nelson Mandela
1991Rajiv Gandhi
1991Vallabhbhai Patel
1991Morarji Desai
1992Abul Kalam Azad
1992J. R. D. Tata
1992Satyajit Ray
1997Gulzarilal Nanda
1997Aruna Asaf Ali
1997A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
1998M. S. Subbulakshmi
1998Chidambaram Subramaniam
1999Jayaprakash Narayan
1999Amartya Sen
1999Gopinath Bordoloi
1999Ravi Shankar
2001Lata Mangeshkar
2001Bismillah Khan
2008Bhimsen Joshi
2014C. N. R. Rao
2014Sachin Tendulkar
2015Madan Mohan Malaviya
2015Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2019Pranab Mukherjee
2019Bhupen Hazarika
2019Nanaji Deshmukh

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