- Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian Award of the country, was instituted in the year 1954.
- Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for these awards.
- It is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour.
- The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister himself to the President. No formal recommendations for this are necessary.
- The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.
- On conferment of the award, the recipient receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion.
- The Award does not carry any monetary grant.
- In terms of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution, the award cannot be used as a prefix or suffix to the recipient’s name. However, should an award winner consider it necessary, he/she may use the following expression in their bio-data/letterhead/visiting card etc. to indicate that he/she is a recipient of the award: ‘Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President’ or ‘Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award’
List of Bharat Ratna Award Winner
|1954||C. V. Raman|
|1957||Govind Ballabh Pant|
|1958||Dhondo Keshav Karve|
|1961||Bidhan Chandra Roy|
|1961||Purushottam Das Tandon|
|1963||Pandurang Vaman Kane|
|1966||Lal Bahadur Shastri|
|1975||V. V. Giri|
|1987||Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan|
|1988||M. G. Ramachandran|
|1990||Dr. B. R. Ambedkar|
|1992||Abul Kalam Azad|
|1992||J. R. D. Tata|
|1997||Aruna Asaf Ali|
|1997||A. P. J. Abdul Kalam|
|1998||M. S. Subbulakshmi|
|2014||C. N. R. Rao|
|2015||Madan Mohan Malaviya|
|2015||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|