Prime Minister of India

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14th Prime Minister of India since 2014
14th Prime Minister of India since 2014

The Prime Minister of India is the chief executive of the Government of India. Also the chief adviser to the president of India and head of the Council of Ministers.

Prime Minister Reference in Constitution of India

Stated in:

  1. Article 74(1) of the Constitution of India – There shall be a Council of Ministers with the prime minister at the head to aid and advise the president who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice’.
  2. Article 75(1) of the Constitution of India – The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
Click here for Important Articles of The Constitution of India

Eligibility Criteria for the Prime Minister of India

According to Article 84 and Article 75 of the Constitution of India, a prime minister must:

  1. be a citizen of India
  2. be a member of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. If the person chosen as the prime minister is neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor the Rajya Sabha at the time of selection, they must become a member of either of the houses within six months.
  3. be above 25 years of age if they are a member of the Lok Sabha, or, above 30 years of age if they are a member of the Rajya Sabha.
  4. not hold any office of profit under the government of India or the government of any state or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said governments.

If however a candidate is elected as the prime minister they must vacate their post from any private or government company and may take up the post only on completion of their term.

List of Prime Ministers of India

No.   Prime Minister Term of Office
1st

Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru

(1889–1964)

15 August 1947 15 April 1952
15 April 1952 17 April 1957
17 April 1957 2 April 1962
2 April 1962 27 May 1964
Acting

Gulzarilal Nanda

Gulzarilal Nanda

(1898–1998)

27 May 1964 9 June 1964
2nd

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri

(1904–1966)

9 June 1964 11 January 1966
Acting

Gulzarilal Nanda

(1898–1998)

11 January 1966 24 January 1966
3rd

Indira Gandhi

(1917–1984)

24 January 1966 4 March 1967
4 March 1967 15 March 1971
15 March 1971 24 March 1977
4th

Morarji Desai

(1896–1995)

24 March 1977 28 July 1979
5th

Charan Singh

(1902–1987)

28 July 1979 14 January 1980

(3rd)

Indira Gandhi

(1917–1984)

14 January 1980 31 October 1984
6th

Rajiv Gandhi

(1944–1991)

31 December 1984 2 December 1989
7th

Vishwanath Pratap Singh

(1931–2008)

2 December 1989 10 November 1990
8th

Chandra Shekhar

(1927–2007)

10 November 1990 21 June 1991
9th

P.V. Narsimha Rao

(1921–2004)

21 June 1991 16 May 1996
10th

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

(1924–2018)

16 May 1996 1 June 1996
11th

H.D. Deve Gowda

(1933–)

1 June 1996 21 April 1997
12th

Inder Kumar Gujral

(1919–2012)

21 April 1997 19 March 1998

(10th)

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

(1924-2018)

19 March 1998 10 October 1999
10 October 1999 22 May 2004
13th

Manmohan Singh

(1932–)

22 May 2004 22 May 2009
22 May 2009 26 May 2014
14th

Narendra Modi

(1950–)

26 May 2014 30 May 2019
30 May 2019 Present
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